Frequently Asked Questions
Republic Act No. 9225 otherwise known as the “Citizenship Retention and Reacquisition Act of 2003” declares that natural-born citizens of the Philippines who become citizens of another country shall be deemed not to have lost their Philippine citizenship.
Natural-born citizens of the Philippines who
acquired foreign citizenship by naturalization.
9225 does not apply to dual citizens by birth, i.e., a child
born in the United States when either parent was still a Filipino citizen
at the time. If the birth was
reported to the Philippine Embassy of Consulate, the child is considered
to be a dual citizen from birth.
Natural born citizens of the Philippines are
those who are citizens of the Philippines from birth without having to
perform any act to acquire or perfect their Philippine citizenship
Those whose fathers and/or mothers are
citizens of the Philippines at the time of their birth; and
Those born before 17 January 1973 of
Filipino mothers, who elect Philippine citizenship upon reaching the age
A former natural-born citizen, who was born
in the Philippines, shall submit the NSO-authenticated copy of his or her
You may order your NSO-authenticated copy of your birth certificate via the Philippine eCensus website at https://www.ecensus.com.ph/
the Petition for Dual Citizenship form. Attach two (2) 2” X 2” colored
photographs with white background. Submit
the original and two (2) photocopies of the accomplished form.
three (3) photocopies of the following:
Philippine Birth Certificate;
married woman, copy of Marriage Certificate;
widow, copy of Death Certificate of spouse;
annulled or divorced, copy of annulment decree or judgment of dissolution
other documents that would show that the applicant is a former
natural-born citizen of the Philippines; and
Certificate of US Naturalization.
In the absence of a Certificate of US Naturalization, applicant may
submit an affidavit explaining the circumstances by which the US
citizenship was acquired.
(Original copies of
the above documents are required to be presented during the interview)
requirements for applicants with child beneficiary.
a child who is below eighteen (18) years of age (legitimate, illegitimate
or adopted), Two
(2) 2” X 2” colored photographs with white background, and
three (3) copies of the following:
For those born in the Philippines, an NSO-authenticated
copy of the birth certificate
For those born overseas, a Report of Birth issued
by the Philippine Embassy or Consulate and, in applicable cases, the
original copy of the Birth Certificate by competent foreign authorities
Decree duly authenticated by the Philippine Consulate General, if
of Naturalization, if name of the beneficiary is not included in the
Certificate of Naturalization of the parents; and
e. For qualified beneficiary/ries born in the U.S., download the Report of Birth from our website http://www.chicagopcg.com
case the name of the applicant in his/her birth certificate is different
from that in his/her foreign passport and other documents, the applicant
shall execute an affidavit explaining such difference and present as
supporting documents, two (2) public or private documents showing the
correct name of the applicant.
the applicant is a Bureau of Immigration (BI) registered alien, he shall
surrender the original ACR and ICR/CRTV, or in its absence, an affidavit
explaining the loss of said documents for transmittal to the BI.
fee is US$50.00. In addition, US$25.00 for every qualified beneficiary.
(Payment shall be in the form of cash, bank draft or money order
payable to the Philippine Consulate General, Chicago. Fees are
Upon submission of the complete
requirements by mail, the Consulate in consultation with the applicant
will set a date and time for the Oath Taking before a Consular Officer at
the Consulate General. Prior to taking the oath, the applicant will
be required to sign the Oath of Allegiance prepared by the Consulate
General. The applicant will receive the original copy of the
notarized oath of allegiance, together with the Order of Approval,
Petition for Reacquisition of Philippine Citizenship and Identification
Certificate issued by the Consulate General, after the oath has been
Note: The Philippine Consulate
General assumes no responsibility for any delay or loss in the mail.
The processing fee is US$50.00 (non refundable). In addition, US$25.00 for every qualified beneficiary. (Payment shall be in the form of cash, bank draft or money order payable to the Philippine Consulate General, Chicago)
Upon receipt of the petition and supporting documents by the Consulate General, the petition will be evaluated and you will be contacted and informed within one week of the decision and schedule for your Oath of Allegiance.
In case of petitions that do not comply with the requirements, the applicant shall be notified to submit the required documents within thirty (30) days from receipt of the petition. Otherwise, the petition shall not be favorably acted upon.
Once you reacquire/retain your Philippine
citizenship, you will again enjoy full civil, economic and political rights
under existing Philippine laws.
Among these rights are:
right to travel with a Philippine passport;
right to own real property in the Philippines;
right to engage in business and commerce as a Filipino; and
right to practice one’s profession, provided that a license or permit to
engage in such practice is obtained from the Professional Regulation
Commission (PRC), or the Supreme Court in the case of lawyers.
You may also vote in Philippine national
elections (for President, Vice President, Senators and sectoral
representatives) by overseas/absentee ballot in accordance with the
provisions of the Overseas Absentee Voting Act of 2003.
Your foreign spouse also automatically
becomes eligible for an immigrant visa.
You will enjoy all other rights and privileges enjoyed by Filipino citizens.
Under the Philippine Comprehensive Tax
Reform Program of 1997, incomes earned overseas by Filipinos from 1998
onwards are no longer taxable by the Philippine government. Hence, all
Filipinos abroad, including those who have reacquired their Philippine
citizenship, have been exempted by the Philippine Government from paying
Philippine income tax on incomes earned abroad.
Incomes earned in the Philippines, however,
will be subject to Philippine income tax.
However, prospective applicants are advised to visit and read
the contents of http://www.irs.gov/Individuals/International-Taxpayers/U.S.-Citizens-and-Resident-Aliens-Abroad,
the website of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, which contains information
about current U.S. government policy on taxes on incomes earned worldwide,
or to seek legal advice from a U.S. tax lawyer.
Travel Tax exemption is being granted to dual citizens departing the Philippines and returning to the US whose arrival is stamped on the Philippine passport and whose stay does not exceed one (1) year. For this purpose, a Travel Tax Exemption Certificate is issued upon presentation of both the Philippine and US passports. Processing fee of PHP 200.00 is collected for every certificate issued.
Dual citizens whose stay in the Philippines exceed one (1) year will pay the travel tax irrespective of which passport they use for travel.
Residency in the Philippines is NOT a
requirement for those who reacquire Philippine citizenship.
Those who intend to vote in local elections, however, must establish
residence in the locality where they wish to vote.
Having reacquired your Philippine citizenship, you can now reside in the Philippines for as long as you want without having to apply for entry visa and paying immigration fees. You can even choose to retire or permanently settle in the Philippines.
The Act does not require one to renounce his or her US citizenship. Also, there is no prohibition against dual citizenship in the US.
The US Supreme Court, as early as 1952, has stated that dual citizenship is a "status long recognized by law" and that "a person may have and exercise rights of nationality in two countries and may be subject to the responsibilities of both. The mere fact he asserts the rights of one citizenship does not without more mean that he renounces the other" (Kawakita v US, 343 US 717). In 1964, the US Supreme Court also ruled that a naturalized US citizen has the right to return to his country of origin and resume his former citizenship while remaining a US citizen, even if he never returns to the US (Schneider v. Rusk, 377 US 163).
Application of a Philippine passport is not a requirement. However, we strongly recommend that you apply for a Philippine passport immediately after your reacquisition of Philippine citizenship. A passport serves as evidence of citizenship and is easier to carry around than your Identification Certificate. Also, a Philippine passport would make it easier to travel to and from the Philippines. The Philippine passport can be presented together with your US passport in the Philippines, to exempt you from paying Immigration fees.
case you need to conduct business in the Philippines (e.g. in a bank), a
Philippine passport is a universally recognized government-issued ID.
Furthermore, possession of a valid Philippine passport enables you to visa-free entry for up to thirty (30) days to several countries neighboring the Philippines, among them Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam and Indonesia.
No you can not. The moment you were naturalized as a US citizen, you have relinquished all your rights and privileges as a Philippine citizen, which includes the possession of a Philippine passport. As such, your Philippine passport is no longer valid. Now that you have reacquired your Philippine citizenship, you may now apply for a new Philippine passport.
No, only former natural-born Filipinos may
apply for dual citizenship.
Under the Balikbayan Law, a Filipino citizen’s foreign spouse and children do not need to secure other travel documents. His/her family is entitled to a visa-free entry to the Philippines for a period of one (1) year among other privileges, provided that they have a round-trip/return ticket and that they travel with the Filipino spouse/parent.
An immigrant visa may be issued to a Filipino citizen’s foreign spouse which entitled him/her to permanently reside in the Philippines. The visa may be obtained by applying at the Philippine Consulate General. The effectivity of the visa, however, is contingent upon the Filipino citizen’s retention of his Filipino citizenship
Yes. Under the principle of derivative citizenship, unmarried children below eighteen (18) years of age, whether legitimate, illegitimate, or adopted, of former Filipino parents who reacquired their Philippine citizenship under this law, may also be deemed Filipino citizens, if they are included in the parent’s application for reacquisition of Philippine citizenship.
The administration of the Oath of Allegiance takes place every Monday, Wednesday and Friday. On Mondays, it takes place at 8:45 a.m. while on Wednesdays and Fridays, it takes place at 10:00 am. It is recommended that petitioners come to the Consulate General at least one hour ahead since there are still papers to be signed and thumb prints affixed and there are other people also taking the Oath with you who must be processed as well.
There is no prescribed dress code for the Oath Taking Ceremony. However, the ceremony is a solemn and meaningful event. Please dress in proper attire to respect the dignity of the event (please no jeans, sandals, skimpy dress). Those in improper dress may be refused entry to the premises.
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